Gingivitis and gum disease

Gingivitis sometimes called gum disease, or periodontal disease describes cases of microbial accumulation in the dead mouth, which, if not treated correctly, may lead to dental loss, as a result of damage to the layer encapsulating the teeth.

Symptoms of gingivitis

Gum inflammation is in its initial stages without showing certain signs or symptoms such as pain and even in the later, more advanced stages the symptoms may be very few and minor.

Although the symptoms and signs of gum disease are usually minimal and minor, gingivitis is often accompanied by signs and symptoms that are particularly characteristic of it. Gingivitis symptoms include:

  • Bleed the gums when rubbing the teeth with a brush.
  • Gum redness, bloating, and hypersensitivity.
  • Emit an unpleasant smell or taste from the mouth permanently.
  • The appearance of deep gaps between the gums and the surface of the tooth.
  • Lost teeth or moving teeth.
  • Changes in the location of the teeth and in the form of meeting them and sticking to each other when closing the jaw.
  • Changes in Dental prosthesis or Crown Tooth.

Even if none of these signs are noticed from incoming gum inflammation to a certain degree, some gum inflammation may only cause parts of the teeth, such as only a dentist or dental specialist can diagnose and determine the risk of gingivitis.

Causes and risk factors for gingivitis

The causes of gingivitis are the formation of a layer of germs on tooth surfaces, in addition to which some reasons can cause gingivitis such as:

  • Hormonal Changes

Like hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, or during the menstrual cycle, these hormonal changes raise tooth sensitivity and increase the likelihood of gum infections.

  • Take some medications

Some drugs may affect the safety of the mouth hollow since some cause a decrease in saliva production and cause an abnormal layer on the gums, gaming has properties and advantages that provide protection for gums and teeth.

  • Bad habits

Such as smoking may cause damage to the gum's ability to regenerate or automatically recover.

  • Erroneous hygiene habits

Such as not brushing teeth or not using Dental floss daily, these habits would facilitate the emergence of gum inflammation.

  • Family History

The presence of gum infection diseases in the family may contribute to the occurrence of gum inflammation on a genetic basis.

  • Other diseases

Other diseases in the body may affect the position and safety of the gums, among these diseases:

  1. Cancer.
  2. AIDS-acquired immune deficiency syndrome affects the body's immune system.
  3. Diabetes, which affects the body's ability to absorb the sugars found in different foods, makes those affected more at risk of dental inflammation, including gum inflammation.

Complications of periodontitis

Complications include:

  1. Recurrence of gum abscesses.
  2. Increased damage to the gingival ligament, the tissue that connects the tooth to the anus.
  3. Increase damage and loss of the alveolar bone, a jawbone containing tooth cavities.
  4. Receding gums.
  5. Loose teeth.
  6. Tooth loss.

Diagnosis of periodontitis

Detection of gingivitis symptoms during a regular periodic visit to the dentist, where the doctor examines the following:

  • Bleed in the gums.
  • There are bulges in the spaces between the gums and the teeth, the bigger the pockets and deeper the gum inflammation is more severe and dangerous.
  • Move the teeth.
  • Tooth sensitivity.
  • Examine jaw bones to detect atrophy or osteoporosis that surrounds and supports teeth.

Prevention of gingivitis

  • Scrub teeth with a brush

Cleaning teeth by brush prevents the accumulation of germs layer on the surface of the teeth

  • Use of dental thread

The use of dental advice helps to get rid of leftovers and cartilage and remove them from the spaces between the teeth and from below the gum line.

  • Usage Mouthwash

According to the guidance of the American Dentists Organization, anti-bacterial mouthwash products can help reduce the number of germs in the mouth, which in turn leads to the emergence of the germs layer and the occurrence of gum infections

  • Following healthy habits

In addition, changing daily health habits may help reduce the risk of gingivitis, or its severity and severity. These customs include:

  1. Stop smoking.
  2. Not to be subjected to psychological stress.
  3. Maintain a balanced diet.
  4. Refrain from tightening teeth strongly.

According to American Academy of Dentistry data, 30% of people who maintain oral hygiene and a healthy lifestyle are highly susceptible to gum infections for genetic reasons.

Persons at risk of gingivitis for genetic reasons are six times more likely to develop gingivitis than others, and if a family member has suffered or suffers from gum disease, other family members are more likely to develop it.

If someone has a normal susceptibility to gum disease, the attending physician is likely to advise them to perform dental examinations at a higher rate than normal, at close intervals to perform professional dental cleaning at close intervals, and undergo treatments to keep the disease under constant monitoring.

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